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2009 Element 1 pool
57 / 144 questions need explanations
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What is an advantage of a 406 MHz satellite EPIRB?
  • It is compatible with the COSPAS-SARSAT Satellites and Global Maritime Distress Safety System (GMDSS) regulations. (7% chose this)
  • Provides a fast, accurate method for the Coast Guard to locating and rescuing persons in distress. (6% chose this)
  • Includes a digitally encoded message containing the ship’s identity and nationality. (3% chose this)
  • All of the above. (84% chose this)
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How does a coast station notify a ship that it has a message for the ship?
  • By making a directed transmission on 2182 kHz or 156.800 MHz. (12% chose this)
  • The coast station changes to the vessel’s known working frequency. (15% chose this)
  • By establishing communications using the eight-digit maritime mobile service identification. (12% chose this)
  • The coast station may transmit, at intervals, lists of call signs in alphabetical order for which they have traffic. (62% chose this)
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Under what circumstances may a ship or aircraft station interfere with a public coast station?
  • In cases of distress. (79% chose this)
  • Under no circumstances during on-going radiocommunications. (4% chose this)
  • During periods of government priority traffic handling. (1% chose this)
  • When it is necessary to transmit a message concerning the safety of navigation or important meteorological warnings. (16% chose this)
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What traffic management service is operated by the U.S. Coast Guard in certain designated water areas to prevent ship collisions, groundings and environmental harm?
  • Water Safety Management Bureau (WSMB). (4% chose this)
  • Vessel Traffic Service (VTS). (82% chose this)
  • Ship Movement and Safety Agency (SMSA). (10% chose this)
  • Interdepartmental Harbor and Port Patrol (IHPP). (4% chose this)
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The radiotelephone Distress call and message consists of:
  • MAYDAY spoken three times, followed by the name of the vessel and the call sign in phonetics spoken three times. (13% chose this)
  • Particulars of its position, latitude and longitude, and other information which might facilitate rescue, such as length, color and type of vessel, and number of persons on board. (5% chose this)
  • Nature of distress and kind of assistance required. (1% chose this)
  • All of the above. (81% chose this)
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Who is required to make entries in a required service or maintenance log?
  • The licensed operator or a person whom he or she designates. (11% chose this)
  • The operator responsible for the station operation or maintenance. (59% chose this)
  • Any commercial radio operator holding at least a Restricted Radiotelephone Operator Permit. (8% chose this)
  • The technician who actually makes the adjustments to the equipment. (22% chose this)
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What is the order of priority of radiotelephone communications in the maritime services?
  • Alarm and health and welfare communications. (2% chose this)
  • Navigation hazards, meteorological warnings, priority traffic. (2% chose this)
  • Distress calls and signals, followed by communications preceded by Urgency and Safety signals and all other communications. (90% chose this)
  • Government precedence, messages concerning safety of life and protection of property, and traffic concerning grave and imminent danger. (7% chose this)
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Where must the principal radiotelephone operating position be installed in a ship station?
  • At the principal radio operating position of the vessel. (23% chose this)
  • In the chart room, master’s quarters or wheel house. (5% chose this)
  • In the room or an adjoining room from which the ship is normally steered while at sea. (63% chose this)
  • At the level of the main wheel house or at least one deck above the ship’s main deck. (9% chose this)
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How long should station logs be retained when there are entries relating to distress or disaster situations?
  • Until authorized by the Commission in writing to destroy them. (3% chose this)
  • For a period of three years from the last date of entry, unless notified by the FCC. (76% chose this)
  • Indefinitely, or until destruction is specifically authorized by the U.S. Coast Guard. (11% chose this)
  • For a period of one year from the last date of entry. (10% chose this)
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What is the proper procedure for making a correction in the station log?
  • The ship’s master must be notified, approve and initial all changes to the station log. (10% chose this)
  • The mistake may be erased and the correction made and initialized only by the radio operator making the original error. (4% chose this)
  • The original person making the entry must strike out the error, initial the correction and indicate the date of the correction. (77% chose this)
  • Rewrite the new entry in its entirety directly below the incorrect notation and initial the change. (10% chose this)
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A ship station using VHF bridge-to-bridge Channel 13:
  • May be identified by the name of the ship in lieu of call sign. (66% chose this)
  • May be identified by call sign and country of origin. (5% chose this)
  • Must be identified by call sign and name of vessel. (26% chose this)
  • Does not need to identify itself within 100 miles from shore. (3% chose this)
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On what frequency should a ship station normally call a coast station when using a radiotelephony emission?
  • On a vacant radio channel determined by the licensed radio officer. (5% chose this)
  • Calls should be initiated on the appropriate ship-to-shore working frequency of the coast station. (56% chose this)
  • On any calling frequency internationally approved for use within ITU Region 2. (4% chose this)
  • On 2182 kHz or Ch-16 at any time. (36% chose this)
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What is the best way for a radio operator to minimize or prevent interference to other stations?
  • By using an omni-directional antenna pointed away from other stations. (1% chose this)
  • Reducing power to a level that will not affect other on-frequency communications. (19% chose this)
  • Determine that a frequency is not in use by monitoring the frequency before transmitting. (72% chose this)
  • By changing frequency when notified that a radiocommunication causes interference. (8% chose this)
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Where do you make an application for inspection of a ship GMDSS radio station?
  • To a Commercial Operator Licensing Examination Manager (COLE Manager). (5% chose this)
  • To the Federal Communications Commission, Washington, DC 20554. (10% chose this)
  • To the Engineer-in-Charge of the FCC District Office nearest the proposed place of inspection. (58% chose this)
  • To an FCC-licensed technician holding a GMDSS Radio Maintainer’s License. (27% chose this)
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What is a requirement of all marine transmitting apparatus used aboard United States vessels?
  • Only equipment that has been certified by the FCC for Part 80 operations is authorized. (83% chose this)
  • Equipment must be type-accepted by the U.S. Coast Guard for maritime mobile use. (8% chose this)
  • Certification is required by the International Maritime Organization (IMO). (4% chose this)
  • Programming of all maritime channels must be performed by a licensed Marine Radio Operator. (5% chose this)
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Under what circumstances may a coast station using telephony transmit a general call to a group of vessels?
  • Under no circumstances. (7% chose this)
  • When announcing or preceding the transmission of Distress, Urgency, Safety or other important messages. (79% chose this)
  • When the vessels are located in international waters beyond 12 miles. (2% chose this)
  • When identical traffic is destined for multiple mobile stations within range. (12% chose this)
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What channel must all compulsory, non-GMDSS vessels monitor at all times in the open sea?
  • Channel 8. (2% chose this)
  • Channel 70. (6% chose this)
  • Channel 6. (4% chose this)
  • Channel 16. (87% chose this)
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Who determines when a ship station may transmit routine traffic destined for a coast or government station in the maritime mobile service?
  • Shipboard radio officers may transmit traffic when it will not interfere with ongoing radiocommunications. (24% chose this)
  • The order and time of transmission and permissible type of message traffic is decided by the licensed on-duty operator. (13% chose this)
  • Ship stations must comply with instructions given by the coast or government station. (48% chose this)
  • The precedence of conventional radiocommunications is determined by FCC and international regulation. (16% chose this)
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Radio watches for compulsory radiotelephone stations will include the following:
  • VHF channel 22a continuous watch at sea. (4% chose this)
  • 121.5 MHz continuous watch at sea. (5% chose this)
  • VHF channel 16 continuous watch. (88% chose this)
  • 500 kHz. (3% chose this)
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Where should the GMDSS radio log be kept on board ship?
  • Captain’s office. (3% chose this)
  • Sea cabin. (2% chose this)
  • At the GMDSS operating position. (94% chose this)
  • Anywhere on board the vessel. (1% chose this)
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What are the highest priority communications from ships at sea?
  • All critical message traffic authorized by the ship’s master. (1% chose this)
  • Navigation and meteorological warnings. (2% chose this)
  • Distress calls are highest and then communications preceded by Urgency and then Safety signals. (96% chose this)
  • Authorized government communications for which priority right has been claimed. (1% chose this)
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When is a Marine Radio Operator Permit or higher license required for aircraft communications?
  • When operating on frequencies below 30 MHz allocated exclusively to aeronautical mobile services. (20% chose this)
  • When operating on frequencies above 30 MHz allocated exclusively to aeronautical mobile services. (17% chose this)
  • When operating on frequencies below 30 MHz not allocated exclusively to aeronautical mobile services. (56% chose this)
  • When operating on frequencies above 30 MHz not assigned for international use. (7% chose this)
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What is a requirement of every commercial operator on duty and in charge of a transmitting system?
  • A copy of the Proof-of-Passing Certificate (PPC) must be in the station’s records. (2% chose this)
  • The original license or a photocopy must be posted or in the operator’s personal possession and available for inspection. (78% chose this)
  • The FCC Form 605 certifying the operator’s qualifications must be readily available at the transmitting system site. (8% chose this)
  • A copy of the operator’s license must be supplied to the radio station’s supervisor as evidence of technical qualification. (12% chose this)
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What is the purpose of the Receiver Incremental Tuning (RIT) or “Clarifier” control?
  • It acts as a “fine-tune” control on the receive frequency. (77% chose this)
  • It acts as a “fine-tune” control on the transmitted frequency. (3% chose this)
  • It acts as a “fine-tune” control on both the receive and transmitted frequencies. (17% chose this)
  • None of the above. (3% chose this)
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The best way to test the Inmarsat-C terminal is?
  • Compose and send a brief message to your own Inmarsat-C terminal. (69% chose this)
  • Send a message to a shore terminal and wait for confirmation. (18% chose this)
  • Send a message to another ship terminal. (6% chose this)
  • If the “Send” light flashes, proper operation has been confirmed. (8% chose this)
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What is the purpose of the INT-USA control settings on a VHF?
  • To change all VTS frequencies to Duplex so all vessels can receive maneuvering orders. (7% chose this)
  • To change all VHF channels from Duplex to Simplex while in U.S. waters. (18% chose this)
  • To change certain International Duplex channel assignments to simplex in the U.S. for VTS and other purposes. (74% chose this)
  • To change to NOAA weather channels and receive weather broadcasts while in the U.S. (2% chose this)
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What means are used to prevent the reception of unwanted broadcasts by vessels utilizing the NAVTEX system?
  • Operating the receiver only during daytime hours. (3% chose this)
  • Coordinating reception with published broadcast schedules. (19% chose this)
  • Programming the receiver to reject unwanted broadcasts. (71% chose this)
  • Automatic receiver de-sensitization during night hours. (7% chose this)
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When using a SSB station on 2182 kHz or VHF-FM on channel 16:
  • Preliminary call must not exceed 30 seconds. (2% chose this)
  • If contact is not made, you must wait at least 2 minutes before repeating the call. (3% chose this)
  • Once contact is established, you must switch to a working frequency. (24% chose this)
  • All of these. (71% chose this)
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With what other stations may portable survival craft transceivers communicate?
  • Communication is permitted between survival craft. (0% chose this)
  • Communication is permitted between survival craft and ship. (2% chose this)
  • Communication is permitted between survival craft and rescue unit. (4% chose this)
  • All of the above. (94% chose this)
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When a watch is required on 2182 kHz, at how many minutes past the hour must a 3 minute silent period be observed?
  • 00, 30. (77% chose this)
  • 15, 45. (13% chose this)
  • 10, 40. (5% chose this)
  • 05, 35. (4% chose this)
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The primary purpose of the GMDSS is to:
  • Allow more effective control of SAR situations by vessels. (10% chose this)
  • Provide additional shipboard systems for more effective company communications. (4% chose this)
  • Automate and improve emergency communications for the world’s shipping industry. (81% chose this)
  • Provide effective and inexpensive communications. (4% chose this)
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GMDSS is primarily a system based on?
  • Ship-to-ship Distress communications using MF or HF radiotelephony. (11% chose this)
  • VHF digital selective calling from ship to shore. (5% chose this)
  • Distress, Urgency and Safety communications carried out by the use of narrow-band direct printing telegraphy. (21% chose this)
  • The linking of search and rescue authorities ashore with shipping in the immediate vicinity of a ship in Distress or in need of assistance. (63% chose this)
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What transmitting equipment is authorized for use by a station in the maritime services?
  • Transmitters that have been certified by the manufacturer for maritime use. (6% chose this)
  • Unless specifically excepted, only transmitters certified by the Federal Communications Commission for Part 80 operations. (81% chose this)
  • Equipment that has been inspected and approved by the U.S. Coast Guard. (4% chose this)
  • Transceivers and transmitters that meet all ITU specifications for use in maritime mobile service. (9% chose this)
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When may the operator of a ship radio station allow an unlicensed person to speak over the transmitter?
  • At no time. Only commercially-licensed radio operators may modulate the transmitting apparatus. (15% chose this)
  • When the station power does not exceed 200 watts peak envelope power. (1% chose this)
  • When under the supervision of the licensed operator. (84% chose this)
  • During the hours that the radio officer is normally off duty. (0% chose this)
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What is Distress traffic?
  • All messages relative to the immediate assistance required by a ship, aircraft or other vehicle threatened by grave or imminent danger, such as life and safety of persons on board, or man overboard. (94% chose this)
  • In radiotelephony, the speaking of the word, “Mayday.” (2% chose this)
  • Health and welfare messages concerning property and the safety of a vessel. (2% chose this)
  • Internationally recognized communications relating to important situations. (2% chose this)
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What is required of a ship station which has established initial contact with another station on 2182 kHz or Ch-16?
  • The stations must change to an authorized working frequency for the transmission of messages. (72% chose this)
  • The stations must check the radio channel for Distress, Urgency and Safety calls at least once every ten minutes. (15% chose this)
  • Radiated power must be minimized so as not to interfere with other stations needing to use the channel. (8% chose this)
  • To expedite safety communications, the vessels must observe radio silence for two out of every fifteen minutes. (5% chose this)
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What is the priority of communications?
  • Safety, Distress, Urgency and radio direction-finding. (5% chose this)
  • Distress, Urgency and Safety. (84% chose this)
  • Distress, Safety, radio direction-finding, search and rescue. (11% chose this)
  • Radio direction-finding, Distress and Safety. (0% chose this)
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How long should station logs be retained when there are no entries relating to distress or disaster situations?
  • For a period of three years from the last date of entry, unless notified by the FCC. (27% chose this)
  • Until authorized by the Commission in writing to destroy them. (3% chose this)
  • For a period of two years from the last date of entry. (65% chose this)
  • Indefinitely, or until destruction is specifically authorized by the U.S. Coast Guard. (5% chose this)
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When may a bridge-to-bridge transmission be more than 1 watt?
  • When broadcasting a distress message and rounding a bend in a river or traveling in a blind spot. (64% chose this)
  • When broadcasting a distress message. (22% chose this)
  • When rounding a bend in a river or traveling in a blind spot. (10% chose this)
  • When calling the Coast Guard. (4% chose this)
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Radiotelephone stations required to keep logs of their transmissions must include:
  • Station, date and time. (2% chose this)
  • Name of operator on duty. (2% chose this)
  • Station call signs with which communication took place. (2% chose this)
  • All of these. (95% chose this)
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Which is true concerning a required watch on VHF Ch-16?
  • It is compulsory at all times while at sea until further notice, unless the vessel is in a VTS system. (14% chose this)
  • When a vessel is in an A1 sea area and subject to the Bridge-to-Bridge act and in a VTS system, a watch is not required on Ch-16, provided the vessel monitors both Ch-13 and VTS channel. (8% chose this)
  • It is always compulsory in sea areas A2, A3 and A4. (7% chose this)
  • All of the above. (71% chose this)
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Where must ship station logs be kept during a voyage?
  • At the principal radiotelephone operating position. (83% chose this)
  • They must be secured in the vessel’s strongbox for safekeeping. (5% chose this)
  • In the personal custody of the licensed commercial radio operator. (6% chose this)
  • All logs are turned over to the ship’s master when the radio operator goes off duty. (6% chose this)
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What information must be included in a Distress message?
  • Name of vessel. (0% chose this)
  • Location. (2% chose this)
  • Type of distress and specifics of help requested. (1% chose this)
  • All of the above. (97% chose this)
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Ordinarily, how often would a station using a telephony emission identify?
  • At least every 10 minutes. (22% chose this)
  • At the beginning and end of each transmission and at 15-minute intervals. (72% chose this)
  • At 15-minute intervals, unless public correspondence is in progress. (5% chose this)
  • At 20-minute intervals. (1% chose this)
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By international agreement, which ships must carry radio equipment for the safety of life at sea?
  • All ships traveling more than 100 miles out to sea. (23% chose this)
  • Cargo ships of more than 100 gross tons and passenger vessels on international deep-sea voyages. (5% chose this)
  • All cargo ships of more than 100 gross tons. (2% chose this)
  • Cargo ships of more than 300 gross tons and vessels carrying more than 12 passengers. (69% chose this)
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At what point does a SART begin transmitting?
  • It immediately begins radiating when placed in the “on” position. (11% chose this)
  • It must be manually activated. (4% chose this)
  • If it has been placed in the “on” position, it will respond when it has been interrogated by a 9-GHz RADAR signal. (60% chose this)
  • If it has been placed in the “on” position, it will begin transmitting immediately upon detecting that it is in water. (26% chose this)
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What should a station operator do before making a transmission?
  • Except for the transmission of distress calls, determine that the frequency is not in use by monitoring the frequency before transmitting. (86% chose this)
  • Transmit a general notification that the operator wishes to utilize the channel. (3% chose this)
  • Check transmitting equipment to be certain it is properly calibrated. (3% chose this)
  • Ask if the frequency is in use. (8% chose this)
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What is the basic concept of GMDSS?
  • Shoreside authorities and vessels can assist in a coordinated SAR operation with minimum delay. (6% chose this)
  • Search and rescue authorities ashore can be alerted to a Distress situation. (6% chose this)
  • Shipping in the immediate vicinity of a ship in Distress will be rapidly alerted. (4% chose this)
  • All of these. (84% chose this)
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Which of the following is the primary frequency that is used exclusively for NAVTEX broadcasts internationally?
  • 518 kHz. (49% chose this)
  • 2187.5 kHz. (17% chose this)
  • 4209.5 kHz. (4% chose this)
  • VHF channel 16 when the vessel is sailing in Sea Area A1, and 2187.5 kHz when in Sea Area A2. (29% chose this)
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Which of the following statements is true?
  • Key letters or abbreviations may be used in GMDSS Radio Logbooks if their meaning is noted in the log. (60% chose this)
  • Key letters or abbreviations may not be used in GMDSS Radio Logbooks under any circumstances. (6% chose this)
  • All Urgency communications must be entered in the logbook. (26% chose this)
  • None of the above. (8% chose this)
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For general communications purposes, paired frequencies are:
  • Normally used with private coast stations. (8% chose this)
  • Normally used between ship stations. (13% chose this)
  • Normally used between private coast and ship stations. (30% chose this)
  • Normally used with public coast stations. (49% chose this)
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What is the responsibility of vessels under GMDSS?
  • Vessels over 300 gross tons may be required to render assistance if such assistance does not adversely affect their port schedule. (10% chose this)
  • Only that vessel, regardless of size, closest to a vessel in Distress, is required to render assistance. (6% chose this)
  • Every ship is able to perform those communications functions that are essential for the Safety of the ship itself and of other ships. (63% chose this)
  • Vessels operating under GMDSS, outside of areas effectively serviced by shoreside authorities, operating in sea areas A2, and A4 may be required to render assistance in Distress situations. (21% chose this)
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Who is responsible for the proper maintenance of station logs?
  • The station licensee. (7% chose this)
  • The commercially-licensed radio operator in charge of the station. (19% chose this)
  • The ship’s master and the station licensee. (22% chose this)
  • The station licensee and the radio operator in charge of the station. (52% chose this)
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When is it legal to transmit high power on Channel 13?
  • Failure of vessel being called to respond. (2% chose this)
  • In a blind situation such as rounding a bend in a river. (5% chose this)
  • During an emergency. (17% chose this)
  • All of these. (76% chose this)
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Equipment for radiotelephony use in survival craft stations under GMDSS must have what characteristic(s)?
  • Operation on Ch-16. (8% chose this)
  • Watertight. (3% chose this)
  • Permanently-affixed antenna. (1% chose this)
  • All of these. (88% chose this)
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On what frequency would a vessel normally call another ship station when using a radiotelephony emission?
  • Only on 2182 kHz in ITU Region 2. (4% chose this)
  • On 2182 kHz or Ch-16, unless the station knows that the called vessel maintains a simultaneous watch on another intership working frequency. (78% chose this)
  • On the appropriate calling channel of the ship station at 15 minutes past the hour. (7% chose this)
  • On the vessel’s unique working radio channel assigned by the Federal Communications Commission. (11% chose this)
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Small passenger vessels that sail 20 to 150 nautical miles from the nearest land must have what additional equipment?
  • Inmarsat-B terminal. (6% chose this)
  • Inmarsat-C terminal. (7% chose this)
  • Aircraft Transceiver with 121.5 MHz. (5% chose this)
  • MF-HF SSB Transceiver. (82% chose this)
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