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Subelement T1
FCC Rules, descriptions and definitions for the amateur radio service, operator and station license responsibilities
Section T1E
Control operator and control types; control operator required, eligibility, designation of control operator, privileges and duties, control point, local, automatic and remote control, location of control operator
When must an amateur station have a control operator?
  • Correct Answer
    Only when the station is transmitting
  • Only when the station is being locally controlled
  • Only when the station is being remotely controlled
  • Only when the station is being automatically controlled

It doesn't matter what type of control is being used, there must always be a control operator for an amateur station if the station is transmitting.

Locally or Remotely controlled stations have a clear control point from which the control operator directly controls the transmissions, and in the case of automatic control (such as a repeater) the control operator is the licensee whose callsign the repeater or automatically controlled station uses. In all cases, the control operator is responsible for the correct and legal operation of the station.

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Tags: operating rules control operator

Who is eligible to be the control operator of an amateur station?
  • Only a person holding an amateur service license from any country that belongs to the United Nations
  • Only a citizen of the United States
  • Only a person over the age of 18
  • Correct Answer
    Only a person for whom an amateur operator/primary station license grant appears in the FCC database or who is authorized for alien reciprocal operation

The rules that regulate the amateur radio service have nothing to do with the United Nations. There is a list of countries with whom Alien Reciprocal Operator is authorized that you can find on the FCC website.

Anyone holding an amateur radio license or who has a license from a country on that list can be the control operator of an amateur station in the United States of America.

It does not matter if they are a citizen -- you don't have to be a citizen to obtain a ham radio license. You also do not need to be over the age of 18; people have received their amateur radio license as young as age 5.

Last edited by isabel. Register to edit

Tags: control operator

Who must designate the station control operator?
  • Correct Answer
    The station licensee
  • The FCC
  • The frequency coordinator
  • The ITU

The station licensee is the licensee who owns the station; since it is their station, they can designate who the control operator is. It is not uncommon for a station licensee to allow someone else with higher license privileges to be the control operator. When a ham operates a station other than their own (another ham’s, club, military), the control operator’s license class determines frequency, power, and mode privileges.

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Tags: operating rules control operator

What determines the transmitting privileges of an amateur station?
  • The frequency authorized by the frequency coordinator
  • The class of operator license held by the station licensee
  • The highest class of operator license held by anyone on the premises
  • Correct Answer
    The class of operator license held by the control operator

When operating, the privileges that can be used are determined by the control operator. Keep in mind that you could have an extra class operator acting as the control operator and allowing a technician class operator to operate with their privileges, as long as they are present, but the extra class operator as the control operator would be responsible for the emissions of the station.

The station licensee shares responsibility for the operation of the station, but it is the control operator who determines the privileges that can be used. Just having someone with a higher class license on the premises is not enough to allow you to use their privileges; they must be the control operator, you must be using their callsign and license, and they must be supervising (controlling) the operation of the station when their privileges are used.

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Tags: operating rules license class

What is an amateur station control point?
  • The location of the station's transmitting antenna
  • The location of the station transmitting apparatus
  • Correct Answer
    The location at which the control operator function is performed
  • The mailing address of the station licensee

This is an important thing to understand; the control point is the location of the control operator when the station is in use. In some cases this may be the same location as the station (local control) or it could be across some sort of auxiliary link, such as a cross-band repeater, controlling through Echolink or IRLP across the internet from a computer or cellphone, etc.

It does not matter where the station is located -- what determines the control point is the location of the control operator.

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Tags: control operator definitions

Under which of the following types of control is it permissible for the control operator to be at a location other than the control point?
  • Local control
  • Correct Answer
    Automatic control
  • Remote control
  • Indirect control

Many mistakenly answer "C. Remote control" to this question; however, it is important to understand that with remote control, the control point is wherever you are controlling from. So, even if you are using remote control, you are at the control point.

Automatic control involves a station (such as an auxiliary station, packet station, or repeater) for which you are the control operator that operates even if you are not at the control point, and is the only type of control for which this is allowed.

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Tags: rules and regulations operating rules control operator automatic control

When the control operator is not the station licensee, who is responsible for the proper operation of the station?
  • All licensed amateurs who are present at the operation
  • Only the station licensee
  • Only the control operator
  • Correct Answer
    The control operator and the station licensee are equally responsible

The control operator is responsible for anything that occurs while they are the control operator, but the station licensee is responsible for their equipment. Therefore, they share the responsibility.

Last edited by kd7bbc. Register to edit

Tags: rules and regulations operating rules control operator

What type of control is being used for a repeater when the control operator is not present at a control point?
  • Local control
  • Remote control
  • Correct Answer
    Automatic control
  • Unattended

Repeaters are undoubtedly the most common example of Automatic control. Automatic control is the only type of control that allows operation in the absence of a control operator -- the control is "Automatic". This should not be confused with Remote Control, in which there is a control operator (someone actively using and controlling the station) that is operating from a remote location relative to the station.

Last edited by bdengle32@yahoo.com. Register to edit

Tags: operating rules automatic control control types

What type of control is being used when transmitting using a handheld radio?
  • Radio control
  • Unattended control
  • Automatic control
  • Correct Answer
    Local control

A handheld radio is also a station; since the station (the handheld radio) is at the same location as the control operator (the person talking into the handheld) this is Local control.

Last edited by bdengle32@yahoo.com. Register to edit

Tags: operating rules control operator

What type of control is used when the control operator is not at the station location but can indirectly manipulate the operating adjustments of a station?
  • Local
  • Correct Answer
    Remote
  • Automatic
  • Unattended

This is neither automatic nor unattended control because both imply that there is no control operator that is immediately in control of the station. Local control would be when the control operator and control point are actually at the same physical location as the station, but remote control indicates that a control operator is actively controlling the station at the time of operation but not located at the same place as the station.

Examples of Remote Control might be using a radio over the internet or controlling a repeater using DTMF tones.

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Tags: control types control operator

Who does the FCC presume to be the control operator of an amateur station, unless documentation to the contrary is in the station records?
  • The station custodian
  • The third party participant
  • The person operating the station equipment
  • Correct Answer
    The station licensee

If someone other than the station licensee is operating, it would be difficult to guess that without any information in the station records to the contrary. Since the station licensee is generally the owner of the station, it makes sense that they would be assumed to be the control operator in the absence of evidence to the contrary..

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Tags: operating rules control operator

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