The louder the voice signal in an FM transmitter the greater the frequency deviation of the modulator. If we are over deviating the frequency then we need to reduce the amplitude of our voice. Therefore the correct answer is to talk farther away from the microphone or not talk so loudly.
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Microphone gain might cause distortion, splatter or over deviation, but it wouldn't cause the signal to jump into a broadcast AM or FM band - they're too far away from the amateur bands.
Similarly, if the audio amplifier of the transmitter were overloaded, it might distort, but wouldn't shift the frequency or cause harmonics to be radiated.
If the deviation of an FM transmitter were set too low, the signal would sound very quiet, the opposite of loud or even loud enough.
The only remaining choice is the right one, that the receiver is unable to reject the strong signals outside of the broadcast band.
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There are many things that can cause interference with radio signals. All three of those listed here can cause interference, therefore the correct answer is "All of these choices are correct".
Fundamental overload - This is a case when the transmitted signal is so strong that it overloads the receiver which prevents proper reception of the desired signal.
Harmonics - When a sine wave is distorted (not pure) it creates harmonics that are integer multiples of the fundamental frequency; these harmonics end up getting into receivers at these harmonic frequencies interfering with operation on those frequencies. See this reference: 5.0 Transmitter Harmonic Emissions.
Spurious emissions - There are a number of undesirable emissions that can interfere with normal signal reception. Most of these can be termed Spurious emissions. From ITU, 1.145 "Spurious emissions include harmonic emissions, parasitic emissions, intermodulation products and frequency conversion products but exclude out-of-band emissions."
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Since the problem is that the telephone is acting as a receiver and should only be acting as a telephone, the only solutions would be to reduce the power of the transmitter so it's not detected by the telephone (acting as a receiver), or to stop the telephone from acting as a receiver.
Although sometimes a high SWR (Standing Wave Ratio) can cause unwanted radiation near the ground that results in a strong signal appearing at a nearby telephone, the problem is still that the telephone is acting as a receiver.
The microphone gain being too high could cause splatter on adjacent frequencies or over-deviation, but can't turn a telephone into a receiver.
The only remaining choice is to keep the RF energy from even getting to the telephone by installing an RF filter on the telephone.
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The problem here is that the non-amateur radio is receiving signals in the amateur radio band, so a filter on the amateur transmitter won't help - the signal in the amateur band will still be radiated.
Changing the transmitter from FM to SSB will only change the mode of the interference, and it's likely that it will still be received by the TV receiver.
The bandwidth of the transmitted signal isn't the problem - the problem is that the TV is receiving signals in the amateur radio bands. So the only way to reduce or eliminate the signal is to block the amateur radio signal before it gets into the TV, using a filter at the antenna input of the affected receiver.
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If you can't keep your signal out of your own TV, it's unlikely that you can keep it out of your neighbor's. It's much easier to experiment with your own TV.
Once you're sure that your TV is okay and not receiving your signals, you can look for differences in your neighbor's TV set up. It could be that they don't have a good antenna, or that your signal is getting into their cable TV feed line.
Tuning to the same channel lets you know that it isn't harmonic radiation from your station, or at least that the harmonic radiation could be reduced using a filter.
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Sometimes it may take more than one action or filter type to prevent interference. Each of these techniques are appropriate choices such that the correct answer is "All of the choices are correct". If you cannot solve the interference problem yourself, ask a fellow ham to help assist you in finding a solution.
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Cooperation with others is the best way to start solving an interference problem. Many devices, especially digital computers and peripherals, generate RF interference. Turning off devices one at a time is a good way to locate an offending device. For more information see: RF interference
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Part 15 devices are things like Wireless Routers or the little switching power supplies that you plug in the wall, or even computers. They can put out some low powered radio signals, but they're supposed to be limited to very low powered signals that could be filtered out or avoided by placement of a radio receiver.
Since they're not intended to radiate RF outside their intended band, they can't be citizen's band radios, and amateur radios don't share any frequencies with Citizen's Bands.
Part 15 devices radiate tiny amounts of radio frequency energy, and as such are not likely to be useful for long distance communications. Indeed, you should be able to get rid of interference from a Part 15 device by locating the receiver at a greater distance from the device.
91.15? Nice try, but no, it's not a test set.
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How do each of these cause your signal to be distorted or unintelligible?
"Your transmitter may be slightly off frequency" - If your transmitter is slightly off frequency the receiver will not be able to demodulate the signal and it may sound garbled, distorted and low in volume.
"Your batteries may be running low" - When your batteries are low the audio amplifier cannot generate the proper amplitude signals; the signal is limited by the lower than normal voltage which clips the signal causing it to be distorted.
Also, "You could be in a bad location" - As in real estate, location, location and location are vital. Multipath signals can cause an interference pattern that can make the received audio sound bad.
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Your own transmitter output can be picked up by the sensitive circuits inside your microphone. This is called RF feedback. The symptom is that the transmission may be distorted, garbled or unitelligible.
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Once it is known that the TV interference is originating from your ham radio transmission, and that your own equipment is functioning within acceptable parameters, your first step is to determine how best to solve or reduce the effects of the interference at the TV.
While it's possible to reduce the effects of the interference by installing a preamplifier at the TV antenna input, you will only be masking the problem rather than solving it. Also, as well-intentioned as they might be, installing filters might not prove very useful because their effective frequency ranges might be so close to those of the TV that the TV signals themselves could just as easily get filtered out with the interference.
Usually the problem will be that something connected to the TV antenna input is acting as an antenna, picking up your transmissions. This is especially true for loose connectors, mismatched connectors, frayed cables, and other damaged or corroded connections. Therefore, checking to be sure that all TV coaxial connectors are installed properly is a good way to satisfy that first step.
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